The Final Four of Wingshooting Mechanics

Brad Trumbo

Each fall, various outdoor media outlets present how-to articles on wingshooting, either presenting the basics, or diving into a full undergraduate level analysis and techniques. It’s a rite of passage for the bird hunting openers.

Truth is there are few consistent gems across articles. The vast considerations affecting how we connect with flying targets ranges from posture to choke tubes, and everything in between. But how does the reader, particularly those new to wingshooting, know what to focus on as a starting point or to truly improve their skills?

Upon scouring dozens of articles from the past two decades and listening to world-renown competition target shooters expound via podcasts, posture, mount, sighting and leading the target, I’ve come up with the final four. The silver bullets of wingshooting prowess. Effectiveness relies most importantly on how the shooter handles the gun.



1. Posture

Posture is critical to properly shouldering and sighting down the barrel. Proper stance will distribute body weight and firm the upper body for controlled gun handling.

Step forward with the foot opposite the gun shoulder (i.e. if you are right-handed, your left foot should lead), shift your weight to the front foot, point your toes at the target and “lean into the gun”. Your feet will serve as your anchor while your hips remain fluid, allowing for upper body to rotate and maintain control.




2. Mount and Sighting

Take it from a guy who has mastered the art of head-lifting and shooting over birds (missing!). Proper mount and face alignment on the stock is the foundation of successful wingshooting.

What I mean by “mount” is how the gun arrives to the shouldered position. A repeatable fluid motion from the carry to shouldered position is important. Poor or inconsistent mounting is touted as one of the most common causes for missing a flying target.

The gun should come quickly and cleanly to face and shoulder in natural motion with stance and posture, and this takes time to master. Since the butt of the gun ultimately rests against the shoulder, it seems natural to plant the butt comfortably into the shoulder, then lower the cheekbone onto the stock. But this creates an unnatural posture with your head, neck and shoulders.

The better approach is to bring the gun to your eye first, then settle the butt into the crease between the pectoral muscle and upper arm. Bringing the gun straight up to your face first levels the eyes, keeping them fixed directly down the barrel.

Shotguns are meant to be pointed not aimed. Assuming the gun fits the shooter and is mounted properly, the gun should shoot exactly where the shooter is looking. The intent is to focus on the target, letting the gun instinctively follow the eye rather than using the bead as the aim point.

Keeping both eyes open will aid in focusing on the bird or clay and sighting properly. With a proper mount and eye aligned down the rib, sighting past the bead with a focus on the target will ensure proper vertical alignment of the shot pattern.



3. Lead

While many shooters adjust to their own technique for leading a flying target over time, “swinging through” the target is largely the most reliable method, as opposed to immediately pointing the barrel ahead of the target.

“Swinging through” means mounting the gun, pointing toward the target and swinging from behind across the target, passing the target and establishing a proper lead. For close range shooting, squeeze the trigger just as the muzzle passes the clay or the bird’s head. For longer shots, the trigger pull comes after the muzzle has passed the target by a distance that is one, two, or three times the length of the target, depending upon target distance and travel velocity.

When swinging on a flying bird, it’s a natural tendency to stop the swing when the bead reaches a comfortable lead, just a nanosecond before pulling the trigger. This ultimately results in shooting too far back or behind the bird entirely. Continuing the swing, squeezing the trigger as you track ahead of the target will most often result in a solid connection.

Understanding lead is complex, requires time and practice and becoming instinctual with enough of both. But trust your instincts. When the lead “feels right”, squeeze the trigger.




4. Practice

Practice makes perfect. Different birds and covers offer different shooting scenarios and it can be difficult to transition between them. For example, I shoot well on prairie birds and moderate on doves. But grouse? Forest grouse are another story entirely. Different flying speeds, cover types and time required to acquire the target and make a shot, as well as shot distance, all play significantly into our wingshooting success.

With an unloaded gun, practice posture and mount repeatedly to form muscle memory on a natural, fluid mount. Be sure to practice in your field attire and wearing your vest, etc. A strap vest, for example, can change how the gun butt fits into the shoulder, which can change how your eye aligns with the rib and bead and can feel strange enough to distract from making an accurate shot if not repeatedly encountered and expected when mounting the gun.


Stephen P Biello

If you see your bead at anytime during the delivering of the shot you are going to miss, your focus (visual and mental) needs to be on the target, you will have barrel awareness in you peripheral. As you shotguns are made to be pointed, you are aiming if you see your bead.

Stephen P Biello
Aaron H.

Thanks for this! I’m still fairly new to wingshooting but have been able to do much more of it this past year, and have been working hard to get better. Concise points and easy to follow-steps, I appreciate it.

Aaron H.

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